Biodegradale plastics have the ability to be degraded by microorganisms present in the environment by entering the microbial food chain. As disposal conditions vary dramatically from one place to another, biodegradation of plastics is not a uniform process. Compostable plastics are biodegradable in composting conditions, while other plastics degrade in the soil (landfills or anaerobic digestors).
The most widely used standard tests measuring biodegradability of plastics are ASTM D 6400, EN 13432, ISO 17088.
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