The Universal Selection Source: Plastics & Elastomers


Density

Density measures the mass per unit volume. ASTM 1505 determines Density of a material by the density-gradient technique. A material is placed in a liquid column of variable density with standard floats (glass beads of known density). The density of the material is then calculated based on its relative position to the floats in the column and the densities of the glass beads. Density is measured in g/cm3. Density varies with temperature.

Density can be converted to specific gravity by dividing the Density value (in g/cm3) by 0.9975.

The most usual test methods to determine plastics Density are ASTM D1505 and ISO 1183-2.

Name of the polymer Explicit name of the polymer Min Value(g/cm3) Max Value(g/cm3)
ABS Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene 1.020 1.210
ABS FR Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene flame retardant 1.150 1.200
ABS High Heat Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene High Heat 1.000 1.150
ABS High Impact Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene High Impact 1.000 1.100
ABS/PC Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate 1.100 1.150
ABS/PC 20% GF Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate 20% glass fiber 1.250 1.250
ABS/PC FR Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate flame retardant 1.170 1.190
Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (High Flow) Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (High Flow) 1.370 1.370
Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (Standard Flow) Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (Standard Flow) 1.370 1.370
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Lead-Free Solderable, 30% GF Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Lead-Free Solderable, 30% GF 1.520 1.520
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (High Flow) Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (High Flow) 1.310 1.310
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (Standard Flow) Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (Standard Flow) 1.310 1.310
Amorphous TPI, Highest heat, Chemical Resistant, 260C UL RTI Amorphous TPI, Highest heat, Chemical Resistant, 260C UL RTI 1.420 1.420
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent 1.300 1.300
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Food Contact Approved) Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Food Contact Approved) 1.300 1.300
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Mold Release grade) Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Mold Release grade) 1.300 1.300
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Powder form) Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Powder form) 1.300 1.300
ABS/PC Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate 1.050 1.070
ASA/PC Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polycarbonate 1.150 1.150
ASA/PC FR Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polycarbonate flame retardant 1.250 1.250
ASA/PVC Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polyvinyl Chloride 1.200 1.200
CA - Cellulose Acetate Cellulose Acetate 1.220 1.340
CAB - Cellulose Acetate Butyrate Cellulose Acetate Butyrate 1.150 1.220
Celllulose Diacetate- Pearlescent Films Celllulose Diacetate- Pearlescent Films 1.360 1.360
Celllulose Diacetate-Gloss Film Celllulose Diacetate-Gloss Film 1.310 1.310
Celllulose Diacetate-Integuard Films Celllulose Diacetate-Integuard Films 1.280 1.320
Celllulose Diacetate-Matt Film Celllulose Diacetate-Matt Film 1.310 1.310
Cellulose Diacetate -Window Patch Film (Food Grade) Cellulose Diacetate-Window Patch Film (Food Grade) 1.310 1.310
Cellulose Diacetate-Clareflect metallised film Cellulose Diacetate--Clareflect metallised film 1.310 1.310
Cellulose Diacetate-Colored Films Celllulose Diacetate-Colored Films 1.310 1.310
Cellulose diacetate-Flame retardant Film Cellulose diacetate-Flame retardant Film 1.340 1.360
Cellulose Diacetate-High Slip Film Cellulose Diacetate-High Slip Film 1.310 1.310
Cellulose Diacetate-Semitone Films Cellulose Diacetate-Semitone Films 1.310 1.310
COC Cyclic Olefin Copolymer 1.010 1.030
CP - Cellulose Proprionate Cellulose Proprionate 1.170 1.240
CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride 1.500 1.550
ECTFE Ethylene Chlorotrifluoroethylene 1.680 1.680
ETFE Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene 1.700 1.700
EVA Ethylene Vinyl Acetate 0.920 0.940
EVOH Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol 1.100 1.200
FEP Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene 2.100 2.200
HDPE - High Density Polyethylene HDPE - High Density Polyethylene 0.940 0.970
HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene 1.030 1.060
HIPS FR V0 High Impact Polystyrene flame retardant V0 1.150 1.170
Ionomer (EMAC) Ionomer (Ethylene-Methyl Acrylate Copolymer) 0.940 0.970
LCP Liquid Crystal Polymer 1.400 1.400
LCP CF Liquid Crystal Polymer carbon fiber 1.500 1.500
LCP GF Liquid Crystal Polymer glass fiber 1.500 1.800
LCP MINERAL Liquid Crystal Polymer mineral 1.500 1.800
LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene 0.917 0.940
LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene 0.915 0.950
MABS Transparent Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene 1.080 1.080
PA 11 30% Glass fiber reinforced Polyamide 11 30% Glass fiber reinforced 1.250 1.270
PA 11 conductive Polyamide 11 conductive 1.130 1.130
PA 11 flexible Polyamide 11 flexible 1.030 1.050
PA 11 rigid Polyamide 11 rigid 1.020 1.030
PA 12 conductive Polyamide 12 conductive 1.140 1.140
PA 12 fiber reinforced Polyamide 12 fiber reinforced 1.070 1.410
PA 12 flexible Polyamide 12 flexible 1.010 1.040
PA 12 glass filled Polyamide 12 glass filled 1.220 1.420
PA 12 rigid Polyamide 12 rigid 1.010 1.010
PA 46 Polyamide 46 1.170 1.190
PA 46 30% GF Polyamide 46 30% glass fiber 1.420 1.440
PA 6 Polyamide 6 1.120 1.140
PA 6-10 Polyamide 6-10 1.090 1.100
PA 66 Polyamide 6-6 1.130 1.150
PA 66 30% GF Polyamide 6-6 30% glass fiber 1.370 1.370
PA 66 30% mineral filled Polyamide 6-6 30% mineral filled 1.350 1.380
PA 66 IM 15-30% GF Polyamide 6-6 impact modified 15-30% glass fiber 1.250 1.350
PA 66 impact modified Polyamide 6-6 impact modified 1.050 1.100
PA semi-aromatic Polyamide semi-aromatic 1.040 1.060
PAI Polyamide-Imide 1.400 1.400
PAI 30% GF Polyamide-Imide 30% glass fiber 1.600 1.600
PAI low friction Polyamide-Imide low friction 1.400 1.500
PAN Polyacrylonitrile 1.100 1.150
PAR Polyarylate 1.200 1.260
PARA 30-60% GF Polyarylamide 30-60% glass fiber 1.430 1.770
PBT Polybutylene Terephthalate 1.300 1.400
PBT 30% GF Polybutylene Terephthalate 30% glass fiber 1.500 1.600
PC 20-40% GF Polycarbonate 20-40% glass fiber 1.350 1.520
PC 20-40% GF FR Polycarbonate 20-40% glass fiber flame retardant 1.400 1.500
PC high heat Polycarbonate high heat 1.150 1.200
PC/PBT Polycarbonate/Polybutylene Terephthalate blend 1.170 1.300
PC/PBT glass filled Polycarbonate/Polybutyleneterphtalate blend glass filled 1.300 1.590
PCL - Polycaprolactone Polycaprolactone 1.140 1.140
PCTFE Polymonochlorotrifluoroethylene 2.100 2.200
PE 30% GF Polyethylene 30% glass fiber 1.200 1.280
PE/TPS - Thermoplastic Starch Polyethylene/Thermoplastic starch 1.000 1.050
PEEK Polyetheretherketone 1.260 1.320
PEEK 30% CF Polyetheretherketone 30% carbon fiber 1.400 1.440
PEEK 30% GF Polyetheretherketone 30% glass fiber 1.490 1.540
PEI Polyetherimide 1.270 1.300
PEI 30% GF Polyetherimide 30% glass fiber 1.500 1.600
PEI mineral filled Polyetherimide mineral filled 1.400 1.500
PEKK– Low cristallinity grade Polyetherketoneketone– Low cristallinity grade 1.270 1.280
PESU Polyethersulfone 1.370 1.460
PESU 10-30% GF Polyethersulfone 10-30% glass fiber 1.500 1.600
PEI Polyethylene Terephtalate 1.300 1.400
PET 30% GF Polyethylene Terephtalate 30% glass fiber 1.500 1.600
PET 30/35% GF Impact modified Polyethylene Terephtalate 30/35% glass fiber impact modified 1.500 1.500
PET G Polyethylene Terephtalate Glycol 1.270 1.380
PE-UHMW Polyethylene -Ultra High Molecular Weight 0.930 0.950
PFA Perfluoroalkoxy 2.100 2.200
PGA - Polyglycolides Polyglycolides 1.400 1.600
PHB - Polyhydroxybutyrate Polyhydroxybutyrate 1.300 1.500
PI Polyimide 1.310 1.430
PLA Polylactide 1.230 1.250
PLA-Fiber Melt Spinning Polylactide-Fiber Melt Spinning 1.230 1.250
PLA-Heat Seal Layer Polylactide-Heat Seal Layer 1.230 1.250
PLA-High heat films Polylactide-High heat films 1.230 1.250
PLA-injection molding Polylactide-injection molding 1.240 1.260
PLA-Spunbond Polylactide-Spunbond 1.230 1.250
PLA-Stretch blow molding Polylactide-Stretch blow molded bottles 1.230 1.250
PMMA Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) 1.170 1.200
PMMA high heat Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) high heat 1.150 1.250
PMMA Impact modified Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) impact modified 1.100 1.200
PMP Polymethylpentene 0.835 0.840
PMP 30% GF Polymethylpentene 30% glass fiber 1.050 1.050
PMP mineral filled Polymethylpentene mineral filled 1.080 1.100
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight 1.300 1.300
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 1.350 1.350
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 1.450 1.450
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 1.450 1.450
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 1.600 1.600
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 1.600 1.600
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight 1.700 1.700
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight 1.700 1.700
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight 1.100 1.100
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 1.200 1.200
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 1.200 1.200
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 1.300 1.300
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 1.300 1.300
POM Polyoxymethylene (acetal) 1.410 1.420
POM impact modified Polyoxymethylene (acetal) impact modified 1.300 1.350
POM low friction Polyoxymethylene (acetal) low friction 1.400 1.540
POM mineral filled Polyoxymethylene (acetal) mineral filled 1.500 1.600
PP 10-20% GF Polypropylene 10-20% glass fiber 0.970 1.050
PP 10-40% mineral filled Polypropylene 10-40% mineral filled 0.970 1.250
PP 10-40% TALC Polypropylene 10-40% talc 0.970 1.250
PP 30-40% GF Polypropylene 30-40% glass fiber 1.100 1.230
PP copo Polypropylene copolymer 0.900 0.910
PP homo Polypropylene homopolymer 0.900 0.910
PP impact modified Polypropylene impact modified 0.880 0.910
PPA Polyphthalamide 1.110 1.200
PPA – 33% glass fiber – high flow Polyphthalamide– 33% glass fiber – high flow 0.140 0.150
PPA – 45% glass fiber Polyphthalamide– 45% glass fiber 1.580 1.600
PPE Polyphenylene Ether 1.040 1.100
PPE 30% GF Polyphenylene Ether 30% glass fiber 1.260 1.280
PPE FR Polyphenylene Ether flame retardant 1.060 1.100
PPE impact modified Polyphenylene Ether impact modified 1.000 1.100
PPE mineral filled Polyphenylene Ether mineral filled 1.200 1.250
PPS Polyphenylene Sulfide 1.350 1.350
PPS 20-30% GF Polyphenylene Sulfide 20-30% glass fiber 1.400 1.600
PPS 40% GF Polyphenylene Sulfide 40% glass fiber 1.600 1.700
PPS conductive Polyphenylene Sulfide conductive 1.400 1.800
PPS GF & mineral Polyphenylene Sulfide glass fiber & mineral 1.800 2.000
PPSU Polyphenylene Sulfone 1.290 1.300
PS 30 % GF Polystyrene 30% glass fiber 1.250 1.250
PS crystal Polystyrene crystal 1.040 1.050
PS high heat Polystyrene high heat 1.040 1.050
PSU Polysulfone 1.240 1.250
PSU 30% GF Polysulfone 30% glass fiber 1.400 1.500
PSU mineral filled Polysulfone mineral filled 1.500 1.600
PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene 2.100 2.200
PTFE 25% GF Polytetrafluoroethylene 25% glass fiber 2.200 2.300
PVC 20% GF Polyvinyl Chloride 20% glass fiber 1.450 1.500
PVC plasticized Polyvinyl Chloride plasticized 1.300 1.700
PVC plasticized filled Polyvinyl Chloride plasticized filled 1.150 1.350
PVC rigid Polyvinyl Chloride rigid 1.350 1.500
PVDC Polyvinylidene Chloride 1.600 1.750
PVDF Polyvinylidene Fluoride 1.700 1.800
SAN Styrene Acrylonitrile 1.060 1.100
SAN 20% GF Styrene Acrylonitrile 20% glass fiber 1.200 1.400
SMA Styrene Maleic Anhydride 1.050 1.080
SMA 20% GF Styrene Maleic Anhydride 20% glass fiber 1.200 1.200
SMA FR V0 Styrene Maleic Anhydride flame retardant V0 1.200 1.200
SMMA Styrene Methyl Methacrylate 1.050 1.130
SRP Polyphenylene (Self reinforced) 1.190 1.210
TPI-PEEK Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant, High Flow, 240C UL RTI TPI-PEEK Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant, High Flow, 240C UL RTI 1.380 1.380
TPS/PE Thermoplastic Starch/ Polyethylene Blend (30 micron films tested) 1.150 1.200
TPS-Injection General Purpose Thermoplastic Starch GP 1.400 1.650
TPS-Injection Water Resistant Thermoplastic Starch WR 1.340 1.380
XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene 0.915 1.400

Disclaimer: all data and information obtained via the Polymer Selector including but not limited to material suitability, material properties, performances, characteristics and cost are given for information purpose only. Although the data and information contained in the Polymer Selector are believed to be accurate and correspond to the best of our knowledge, they are provided without implied warranty of any kind. Data and information contained in the Polymer Selector are intended for guidance in a polymer selection process and should not be considered as binding specifications. The determination of the suitability of this information for any particular use is solely the responsibility of the user. Before working with any material, users should contact material suppliers in order to receive specific, complete and detailed information about the material they are considering. Part of the data and information contained in the Polymer Selector are genericised based on commercial literature provided by polymer suppliers and other parts are coming from assessments of our experts.

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