The Universal Selection Source: Plastics & Elastomers


Young Modulus

Young Modulus is often called "E" and is also known as tensile modulus or elastic modulus. It is defined as the ratio of the stress applied to the material along the longitudinal axis of the specimen tested and the deformation or strain, measured on that same axis. Therefore, the higher the Young Modulus, the higher the resistance to elongation.

The International Standard unit of modulus of elasticity is the Pascal (Pa or N/m2 or m-1.kg.s-2). The practical units used in plastics are megapascals (MPa or N/mm2) or gigapascals (GPa or kN/mm2). In the United States customary units, it is often expressed as pounds (force) per square inch (psi).

ASTM D638 and ISO 527 are the standards commonly used to measure the tensile properties of plastics, including the elastic modulus.

Name of the polymer Explicit name of the polymer Min Value(GPa) Max Value(GPa)
ABS Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene 1.790 3.200
ABS FR Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene flame retardant 2.000 3.000
ABS High Heat Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene High Heat 1.500 3.000
ABS High Impact Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene High Impact 1.000 2.500
ABS/PC Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate 2.000 2.200
ABS/PC 20% GF Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate 20% glass fiber 6.000 6.000
ABS/PC FR Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate flame retardant 2.600 3.000
Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (High Flow) Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (High Flow) 3.500 3.500
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Lead-Free Solderable, 30% GF Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Lead-Free Solderable, 30% GF 10.530 10.530
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (High Flow) Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (High Flow) 3.100 3.100
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (Standard Flow) Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (Standard Flow) 3.160 3.160
Amorphous TPI, Highest heat, Chemical Resistant, 260C UL RTI Amorphous TPI, Highest heat, Chemical Resistant, 260C UL RTI 3.900 3.900
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent 3.110 3.110
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Food Contact Approved) Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Food Contact Approved) 3.110 3.110
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Mold Release grade) Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Mold Release grade) 3.120 3.120
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Powder form) Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Powder form) 3.110 3.110
ASA Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate 2.000 2.600
ASA/PC Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polycarbonate 2.000 2.600
ASA/PC FR Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polycarbonate flame retardant 2.500 2.500
ASA/PVC Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polyvinyl Chloride 2.000 2.200
CA - Cellulose Acetate Cellulose Acetate 0.600 2.800
CAB - Cellulose Acetate Butyrate Cellulose Acetate Butyrate 0.400 1.700
Celllulose Diacetate- Pearlescent Films Celllulose Diacetate- Pearlescent Films 2.000 2.500
Celllulose Diacetate-Gloss Film Celllulose Diacetate-Gloss Film 2.000 2.500
Celllulose Diacetate-Integuard Films Celllulose Diacetate-Integuard Films 2.500 2.900
Celllulose Diacetate-Matt Film Celllulose Diacetate-Matt Film 2.000 2.500
Cellulose Diacetate -Window Patch Film (Food Grade) Cellulose Diacetate-Window Patch Film (Food Grade) 2.000 2.500
Cellulose Diacetate-Clareflect metallised film Cellulose Diacetate--Clareflect metallised film 2.100 2.600
Cellulose Diacetate-Colored Films Celllulose Diacetate-Colored Films 2.000 2.500
Cellulose diacetate-Flame retardant Film Cellulose diacetate-Flame retardant Film 2.000 2.500
Cellulose Diacetate-High Slip Film Cellulose Diacetate-High Slip Film 2.300 2.800
Cellulose Diacetate-Semitone Films Cellulose Diacetate-Semitone Films 2.000 2.500
COC Cyclic Olefin Copolymer 2.600 3.200
CP - Cellulose Proprionate Cellulose Proprionate 0.450 1.400
CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride 2.500 3.200
ECTFE Ethylene Chlorotrifluoroethylene 1.700 1.700
ETFE Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene 0.800 0.800
EVA Ethylene Vinyl Acetate 0.010 0.200
EVOH Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol 1.900 3.500
FEP Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene 0.300 0.700
HDPE - High Density Polyethylene HDPE - High Density Polyethylene 0.500 1.100
HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene 1.500 3.000
HIPS FR V0 High Impact Polystyrene flame retardant V0 2.000 2.500
Ionomer (EMAC) Ionomer (Ethylene-Methyl Acrylate Copolymer) 0.080 0.400
LCP Liquid Crystal Polymer 10.000 19.000
LCP CF Liquid Crystal Polymer carbon fiber 31.000 37.000
LCP GF Liquid Crystal Polymer glass fiber 13.000 24.000
LCP MINERAL Liquid Crystal Polymer mineral 12.000 22.000
LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene 0.130 0.300
LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene 0.266 0.525
MABS Transparent Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene 1.900 2.000
PA 11 30% Glass fiber reinforced Polyamide 11 30% Glass fiber reinforced 3.800 5.200
PA 46 Polyamide 46 1.000 3.300
PA 46 30% GF Polyamide 46 30% glass fiber 7.800 8.200
PA 6 Polyamide 6 0.800 2.000
PA 6-10 Polyamide 6-10 1.000 2.000
PA 66 Polyamide 6-6 1.000 3.500
PA 66 30% GF Polyamide 6-6 30% glass fiber 5.000 8.000
PA 66 30% mineral filled Polyamide 6-6 30% mineral filled 1.400 5.500
PA 66 IM 15-30% GF Polyamide 6-6 impact modified 15-30% glass fiber 2.000 11.000
PA 66 impact modified Polyamide 6-6 impact modified 0.800 1.200
PA semi-aromatic Polyamide semi-aromatic 2.070 2.230
PAI Polyamide-Imide 4.000 5.000
PAI 30% GF Polyamide-Imide 30% glass fiber 11.000 15.000
PAI low friction Polyamide-Imide low friction 5.000 7.000
PAN Polyacrylonitrile 3.100 3.800
PAR Polyarylate 2.000 2.300
PARA 30-60% GF Polyarylamide 30-60% glass fiber 11.500 24.000
PBT Polybutylene Terephthalate 2.000 3.000
PBT 30% GF Polybutylene Terephthalate 30% glass fiber 9.000 11.500
PC 20-40% GF Polycarbonate 20-40% glass fiber 6.000 10.000
PC 20-40% GF FR Polycarbonate 20-40% glass fiber flame retardant 7.000 8.000
PC high heat Polycarbonate high heat 2.200 2.500
PC/PBT Polycarbonate/Polybutylene Terephthalate blend 1.800 2.300
PC/PBT glass filled Polycarbonate/Polybutyleneterphtalate blend glass filled 4.500 5.100
PCL - Polycaprolactone Polycaprolactone 0.380 0.430
PCTFE Polymonochlorotrifluoroethylene 1.200 1.500
PE 30% GF Polyethylene 30% glass fiber 4.900 6.300
PE/TPS - Thermoplastic Starch Polyethylene/Thermoplastic starch 0.190 0.300
PEEK Polyetheretherketone 3.500 3.900
PEEK 30% CF Polyetheretherketone 30% carbon fiber 13.000 22.300
PEEK 30% GF Polyetheretherketone 30% glass fiber 9.000 11.400
PEI Polyetherimide 3.000 3.000
PEI 30% GF Polyetherimide 30% glass fiber 9.000 9.000
PEI mineral filled Polyetherimide mineral filled 5.000 7.000
PEKK– Low cristallinity grade Polyetherketoneketone– Low cristallinity grade 3.400 3.500
PESU Polyethersulfone 2.300 2.800
PESU 10-30% GF Polyethersulfone 10-30% glass fiber 3.500 8.500
PET Polyethylene Terephtalate 2.800 3.500
PET 30% GF Polyethylene Terephtalate 30% glass fiber 9.000 12.000
PET 30/35% GF Impact modified Polyethylene Terephtalate 30/35% glass fiber impact modified 7.000 9.000
PET G Polyethylene Terephtalate Glycol 1.900 2.000
PE-UHMW Polyethylene -Ultra High Molecular Weight 0.300 0.600
PFA Perfluoroalkoxy 0.700 0.800
PGA - Polyglycolides Polyglycolides 6.500 6.900
PHB - Polyhydroxybutyrate Polyhydroxybutyrate 3.100 3.300
PI Polyimide 1.300 4.000
PLA Polylactide 3.400 3.600
PLA-High heat films Polylactide-High heat films 3.300 3.500
PLA-injection molding Polylactide-injection molding 3.500 3.600
PMMA Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) 2.500 3.500
PMMA high heat Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) high heat 2.500 4.300
PMMA Impact modified Polymethylmethacrylate (Acrylic) impact modified 1.500 3.500
PMP Polymethylpentene 0.500 1.600
PMP 30% GF Polymethylpentene 30% glass fiber 5.000 6.000
PMP mineral filled Polymethylpentene mineral filled 1.700 2.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight 23.000 23.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Carbon Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 29.000 29.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 12.000 12.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 13.000 13.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 15.000 15.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 14.500 14.500
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight 20.000 20.000
Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)/Glass Fiber, Long, 60 % Filler by Weight 18.000 18.000
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 30 % Filler by Weight 7.000 7.000
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 9.000 9.000
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 40 % Filler by Weight 10.000 10.000
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 12.000 12.000
Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight Polypropylene Homopolymer (PP Homopolymer)/Glass Fiber, Long, 50 % Filler by Weight 13.500 13.500
POM Polyoxymethylene (acetal) 2.800 3.700
POM impact modified Polyoxymethylene (acetal) impact modified 1.400 2.300
POM low friction Polyoxymethylene (acetal) low friction 1.800 3.000
POM mineral filled Polyoxymethylene (acetal) mineral filled 4.000 5.500
PP 10-20% GF Polypropylene 10-20% glass fiber 2.800 4.000
PP 10-40% mineral filled Polypropylene 10-40% mineral filled 1.000 3.500
PP 10-40% TALC Polypropylene 10-40% talc 1.500 3.500
PP 30-40% GF Polypropylene 30-40% glass fiber 4.000 10.000
PP copo Polypropylene copolymer 1.000 1.200
PP homo Polypropylene homopolymer 1.100 1.600
PP impact modified Polypropylene impact modified 0.400 1.000
PPA Polyphthalamide 3.700 3.700
PPA – 33% glass fiber Polyphthalamide – 33% glass fiber 13.000 13.200
PPA – 33% glass fiber – high flow Polyphthalamide– 33% glass fiber – high flow 1.100 1.300
PPA – 45% glass fiber Polyphthalamide– 45% glass fiber 17.100 17.300
PPE Polyphenylene Ether 2.100 2.800
PPE 30% GF Polyphenylene Ether 30% glass fiber 7.000 9.000
PPE FR Polyphenylene Ether flame retardant 2.400 2.500
PPE impact modified Polyphenylene Ether impact modified 2.100 2.800
PPE mineral filled Polyphenylene Ether mineral filled 2.900 3.500
PPS Polyphenylene Sulfide 3.300 4.000
PPS 20-30% GF Polyphenylene Sulfide 20-30% glass fiber 6.000 11.000
PPS 40% GF Polyphenylene Sulfide 40% glass fiber 8.000 14.000
PPS conductive Polyphenylene Sulfide conductive 13.000 19.000
PPS GF & mineral Polyphenylene Sulfide glass fiber & mineral 10.000 17.000
PPSU Polyphenylene Sulfone 2.340 2.340
PS 30 % GF Polystyrene 30% glass fiber 10.000 10.000
PS crystal Polystyrene crystal 2.500 3.500
PS high heat Polystyrene high heat 3.000 3.500
PSU Polysulfone 2.500 2.700
PSU 30% GF Polysulfone 30% glass fiber 7.600 10.000
PSU mineral filled Polysulfone mineral filled 3.800 4.500
PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene 0.400 0.800
PTFE 25% GF Polytetrafluoroethylene 25% glass fiber 1.400 1.700
PVC 20% GF Polyvinyl Chloride 20% glass fiber 4.500 7.000
PVC plasticized Polyvinyl Chloride plasticized 0.001 1.800
PVC plasticized filled Polyvinyl Chloride plasticized filled 0.001 1.000
PVC rigid Polyvinyl Chloride rigid 2.400 4.000
PVDC Polyvinylidene Chloride 0.350 0.500
PVDF Polyvinylidene Fluoride 1.500 2.000
SAN Styrene Acrylonitrile 2.800 4.000
SAN 20% GF Styrene Acrylonitrile 20% glass fiber 8.000 11.000
SAN Styrene Maleic Anhydride 2.400 3.000
SMA 20% GF Styrene Maleic Anhydride 20% glass fiber 5.000 6.000
SMA FR V0 Styrene Maleic Anhydride flame retardant V0 1.800 2.000
SMMA Styrene Methyl Methacrylate 2.100 3.400
SRP Polyphenylene (Self reinforced) 5.900 8.300
TPI-PEEK Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant, High Flow, 240C UL RTI TPI-PEEK Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant, High Flow, 240C UL RTI 4.200 4.200
TPS-Injection General Purpose Thermoplastic Starch GP 0.800 3.000
TPS-Injection Water Resistant Thermoplastic Starch WR 0.630 0.720
XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene 0.350 3.500

Disclaimer: all data and information obtained via the Polymer Selector including but not limited to material suitability, material properties, performances, characteristics and cost are given for information purpose only. Although the data and information contained in the Polymer Selector are believed to be accurate and correspond to the best of our knowledge, they are provided without implied warranty of any kind. Data and information contained in the Polymer Selector are intended for guidance in a polymer selection process and should not be considered as binding specifications. The determination of the suitability of this information for any particular use is solely the responsibility of the user. Before working with any material, users should contact material suppliers in order to receive specific, complete and detailed information about the material they are considering. Part of the data and information contained in the Polymer Selector are genericised based on commercial literature provided by polymer suppliers and other parts are coming from assessments of our experts.

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