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The material selection platform
Plastics & Elastomers
The material selection platform
Plastics & Elastomers

Polyvinyl Chloride Properties and Their Values

Keeping information about the properties of a thermoplastic beforehand is always beneficial. This helps in selecting the right engineering thermoplastic for a particular application. It also assists in evaluating if the end use requirement would be fulfilled or not. The table below comprises of all relevant properties of Flexible PVC and Rigid PVC. From physical properties, dimensional stability, electrical performances to fire and thermal properties, find out every possible attribute with its values here.

Overview

Key Applications

Key Properties

Property PLASTICIZED (FLEXIBLE) PVC UNPLASTICIZED (RIGID) PVC
Chemical Resistance
Acetone @ 100%, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Ammonium hydroxide @ 30%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Ammonium hydroxide @ diluted, 60°C Limited Limited
Ammonium hydroxide @ diluted, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Aromatic hydrocarbons @ hot conditions Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Aromatic hydrocarbons, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Benzene @ 100%, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Butylacetate @ 100%, 60°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Butylacetate @ 100%, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Chlorinated solvents, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Chloroform @ 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Dioctylphtalate @ 100%, 100°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Dioctylphtalate @ 100%, 60°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Dioctylphtalate @ 100%, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Ethanol @ 96%, 20°C Non Satisfactory Satisfactory
Ethyleneglycol (Ethane diol) @ 100%, 100°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Ethyleneglycol (Ethane diol) @ 100%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Ethyleneglycol (Ethane diol) @ 100%, 50°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Glycerol @ 100%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Hydrogen peroxide @ 30%, 60°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Kerosene @ 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Methanol @ 100%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Methylethyl ketone @ 100%, 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Mineral oil @ 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Phenol @ 20°C Limited Limited
Soap @ 60°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Soap @ 20°C Limited Limited
Sodium hydroxide @ <40%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Sodium hydroxide @ <40%, 60°C Limited Limited
Sodium hydroxide @ 10%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Sodium hydroxide @ 10%, 90°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Sodium hypochlorite @ 20%, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Strong acids @ concentrated, 20°C Satisfactory Satisfactory
Toluene @ 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Toluene @ 60°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Xylene @ 20°C Non Satisfactory Non Satisfactory
Electrical
Arc Resistance, sec - 60 - 80
Dielectric Constant 3 - 5 3 - 4
Dielectric Strength, kV/mm 10 - 30 10 - 40
Dissipation Factor x 10-4 400 - 1600 60 - 200
Volume Resistivity x 1015, Ohm.cm 10 - 16 15 - 16
Mechanical
Elongation at Break, % 100 - 400 25 - 80
Flexural Modulus (Stiffness), GPa 0.001 - 1.8  2.1 - 3.5
Hardness Rockwell M 1 - 70
Hardness Shore D 15 - 70 65 - 90
Tensile Strength at Break, MPa 7 - 25 35 - 60
Tensile Strength at Yield, MPa 4 - 7 35 - 50
Toughness, J/m - 20 - 110
Young's Modulus, GPa 0.001 - 1.8 2.4 - 4
Optical
Haze, % 3 - 5 -
Transparency (Visible Light Transmission), % 75 - 85 80
Physical
Density, g/cm3 1.3 - 1.7  1.35 - 1.5
Glass Transition Temperature, °C -50 - -5 60 - 100
Shrinkage, % 0.2 - 4 0.1 - 0.6
Sterilization Resistance (Repeated) Poor -
UV Light Resistance Fair Fair
Water Absorption 24 hours, % 0.2 - 1 0.04 - 0.4
Service Temperature
Ductile / Brittle Transition Temperature, °C -40 - -5 -10 - 1
HDT @0.46 Mpa (67 psi), °C 30 - 56 57 - 80
HDT @1.8 Mpa (264 psi), °C 30 - 53 54 - 75
Max Continuous Service Temperature, °C 50 - 80 50 - 80
Min Continuous Service Temperature, °C -40 - -5 -10 - 1
Thermal
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion x 10-5, /°C 5 - 20 5 - 18
Flammability, UL94 HB V0
Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI), % 20 - 40 40 - 45
Thermal Insulation, W/m.K 0.16 0.16

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2 Comments on "Comprehensive Guide on Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)"
Warren G Dec 19, 2022
Does anyone know where I can find mass polymerized PVC resin?
Nanda Kumar N Dec 23, 2021
Excellent review on rigid and plasticzed PVC.

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