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Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene - Properties

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene – Properties (Electrical, Mechanical, Physical, Chemical...)

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is a versatile thermoplastic. It is hard and tough in nature and thus delivers good impact strength. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene offers a high degree of surface quality and shows excellent mechanical properties.

Apart from these characteristics, ABS exhibits good electrical insulating properties and high dimensional stability. These are some key properties that make it a material of choice in several structural & non-structural applications. The table below is exclusively dedicated to Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene properties and their values.

Overview

Key Applications

Key Properties

Property ABS  PLASTIC
Chemical Resistance
Acetone @ 100%, 20°C Non satisfactory
Ammonium hydroxide @ 30%, 20°C Limited
Ammonium hydroxide @ diluted, 20°C Satisfactory
Benzene @ 100%, 20°C Non satisfactory
Butylacetate @ 100%, 20°C Non satisfactory
Butylacetate @ 100%, 60°C Non satisfactory
Chloroform @ 20°C Non satisfactory
Dioctylphthalate @100%, 100°C Non satisfactory
Dioctylphthalate @100%, 20°C Non satisfactory
Dioctylphthalate @100%, 60°C Non satisfactory
Ethanol @ 96%, 20°C Limited
Ethyleneglycol (Ethane diol) @ 100%, 20°C Satisfactory
Ethyleneglycol (Ethane diol) @ 100%, 50°C Satisfactory
Glycerol @ 100%, 20°C Satisfactory
Hydrogen peroxide @ 3%, 20°C Satisfactory
Hydrogen peroxide @ 30%, 60°C Non satisfactory
Kerosene @ 20°C Satisfactory
Methanol @ 100%, 20°C Limited
Methylethyl ketone @ 100%, 50°C Non satisfactory
Mineral oil @ 20°C Satisfactory
Phenol @ 20°C Non satisfactory
Silicone oil @ 20°C Satisfactory
Sodium hydroxide @ 10%, 20°C Satisfactory
Sodium hypochlorite @ 20%, 20°C Satisfactory
Toluene @ 20°C Non satisfactory
Toluene @ 60°C Non satisfactory
Xylene @ 20°C Non satisfactory
Electrical
Arc Resistance, sec 60-120
Dielectric Constant 2.7-3.2
Dielectric Strength, kV/mm 15.7-34
Dissipation Factor x 10-4 50-90
Volume Resistivity x 1015, Ohm.cm 14-16
Mechanical
Elongation at Break, % 10-50
Elongation at Yield, % 1.7-6
Flexural Modulus, Gpa 1.6-2.4
Hardness Shore D 100
Strength at Break (Tensile), MPa 29.6-48
Strength at Yield (Tensile), MPa 29.6-48
Toughness at Low Temperature, J/m 20-160
Toughness, J/m 200-215
Young's Modulus, GPa 1.79-3.2
Optical
Gloss, % 40-96
Physical
Density, g/cm3 1.02-1.21
Gamma Radiation Resistance Good
Glass Transition Temperature, °C 90-102
Shrinkage, % 0.7-1.6
Sterilization Resistance (Repeated) Poor
UV Light Resistance Poor
Water Absorption 24 hours, % 0.5-1.8
Service Temperature
Ductile / Brittle Transition Temperature, °C -25--40
HDT @0.46 Mpa (67 psi), °C 68-100
HDT @1.8 Mpa (264 psi), °C 88-100
Max Continuous Service Temperature, °C 86-89
Min Continuous Service Temperature, °C 60-80
Thermal
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion x 10-5, /°C 7-15
Fire Resistance (LOI), % 19
Flammability, UL94 HB
Thermal Insulation, W/m.K 0.13-0.19

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1 Comments on "Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene: Detailed Information About ABS and its Features"
Tomasz G Aug 31, 2021
"Molecular Structure of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene" lacks double bonds in butadiene-derived chains

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